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TOEFL Test: Everything You Need to Know About The Test

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TOEFL Test: Everything You Need to Know About The Test: 

Nowadays, learning English as our second language is an important requirement, both academically and professionally, that helps you to be impelled in different aspects of your life to know new frontiers.

The fact that there are specialized institutions for English language proficiency is, without a doubt, an aid for the student who aspires for a scholarship to a foreign school or for those who wish to work or specialize as an English teacher.

TOEFL Test: Everything You Need to Know About The Test

However, specialized institutions require that the applicant submit an admission test that accurately assesses English proficiency, which is known as the TOEFL test.

The TOEFL or Test of English as a Foreign Language test is nothing more than a sufficiency test that measures the knowledge of the non-native speaker in terms of reading comprehension, oral and written expression, and the ability to listen and assimilate to the perfection the English language.

The TOEFL test is considered the evaluation par excellence of highly recognized institutions.

As is the case of Oxford, Yale, and Boston, which have as a method of admission the TOEFL for students who aspire to a study grant in countries such as United States, United Kingdom, Canada, etc.

The requirement that this test requires is high since as a student you must demonstrate a perfect understanding of communication skills.

At first glance, it may be impossible for you to pass an exam that complements all communication tools, but it is not.

Our present article aims to let you know in much more detail what makes up the TOEFL exam.

The types of tests that exist and how they are structured, so you can begin to practice and practice writing and reading the English language.

We will also give you the most important tips so that you can gain confidence and the necessary preparation to be able to present the TOEFL test and obtain good results.

If you wish to take the TOEFL exam to obtain a certification as an English teacher, we will offer you a complimentary summary of the Greg Britt course, who will show us how to prepare for the TOEFL PBT.

Types of TOEFL tests, their differences, and structures

There are three types of model tests in which the TOEFL test can be presented :

  • TOEFL iBT (Internet-based test): It is the most used exam because it is given via the internet, where the student is evaluated in his oral, written and oral skills.

This test lasts between 3 hours and 20 minutes up to 4 hours with 40 minutes, which is considered the longest and most exhausting test.

This exam is academic, so it will assess your ability to understand texts and conversations in English.

  • TOEFL PBT (Paper Based Test): This test is done by those applicants who wish to take the TOEFL test in an institution that does not accept the iBT.
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The TOEFL PBT differs from the others because it takes into account the grammatical aspect of the English language in its written and oral form, as well as the writing ability that the applicant has.

Therefore, if what you are looking for is an exam where you can test your writing ability and syntax order, the PBT is the ideal one for you.

  • TOEFL ITP (Institutional Testing Program): this test is little used, but it differs from the others by requiring superior academic knowledge.

It is not widely recognized worldwide, as it is used only to present graduate projects to specific institutions.

  • TOEFL CBT (Computer Based Test): It is considered as the first model of the TOEFL test, so it is now discontinued due to its little updated method.

It was presented on a computer in the navigation centers of the institute, and it did not include the oral expression section.

The TOEFL iBT test is the most used because it covers all the essential aspects to be able to communicate.

Next, we will present the structure of the TOEFL iBT exam model, explaining in detail how the sections are included and their realization at the time of presentation.

TOEFL iBT exam structure

The test is divided into four sections that are:

  • Listening Comprehension
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Speaking
  • Writing / Structure

Listening Comprehension

The Listening Comprehension section consists of two conversations.

Two people make a talk, either a discussion of a specific topic or an academic-style lecture, where you must take note of everything you hear in that conversation which is dictated only once.

When the talk ends the person in charge of evaluating the test will make a compendium of 5 to 6 questions, which you should answer based on your note-taking.

In this part of the test, your oral comprehension capacity is measured, as well as your ability to correctly point out what you can hear.

We strongly recommend that you train your ear and take notes so that you can capture the main and important ideas of the talk.

This section lasts 60-80 minutes and a score of 30 points.

Reading Comprehension

The Reading Comprehension section is based on the reading of two academic texts or university books whose main theme is rhetoric.

The person in charge of instructing the TOEFL exam will ask explicit questions about the main topic and the general aspects within those topics.

You only have to answer based on what the text says because the intention of this section is to determine your reading ability when reading research texts and how much you can understand them.

This test is equivalent to 30 points and lasts 60-80 minutes.

If you have a reading comprehension difficulty, you can read texts from different subjects and point out what you think are the main ideas of the same, as well as you can point out those words that you do not understand so that you can then search for their meaning.


The Speaking section is a compendium of a total of six tasks: two independent tasks and four integrated ones.

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Independent tasks are to give opinions on topics known to society. You have a duration of 10-15 minutes to give a solid and complete opinion of that subject.

The integrated tasks are based on reading a short text, listening to a talk or class on that topic and, at the end of them, you must answer a single question based on the information you acquired in the talks and the text.

It is not necessary to take note because in this section of the TOEFL test your ability to understand questions and answer with all your fluency in the oral mode is evaluated.

Its duration includes 20-40 minutes and has a score of 30 points.


And we finish with the Writing section. This last phase of the TOEFL exam comprises that the student must write within the academic context, an independent task and an integrated task.

It consists of the teacher must read a text of a specific topic, giving you an estimated time so you can make a short review of 200 to 300 words, in the independent task and the integrated respectively, adding the information and the basic and important aspects of that oral text.

Here you have as your listening model your oral comprehension and your grammatical writing, so you must be very careful when writing and forming sentences or clauses. It comprises 60-80 minutes and its score is 30 points.

After performing the first two sections you have an approximate 10 and a 20-minute break.

The TOEFL PBT exam includes the same sections with the sole exception that it does not perform the Speaking section and its score is higher since it comprises a total of 680 points in total, the TOEFL iBT has only 120 points in total.

Recommendations to obtain the best result in the TOEFL test

While it is not entirely easy to take the TOEFL test, there are different methods to study and understand the English language so you can master it when you have to present the test.

The first thing we recommend is that you look for a good English teacher, who will instruct you and correct faults that you can not see in plain sight.

Such as writing, writing, correct placement of nouns, adjectives, and substitution of names and pronouns in English.

The institutions specialized in the study of the English language are also valid.

Practice daily and constantly the sections of the exam so that when you present and show a great mastery of the sections of the exam.

You must recognize your frequent mistakes or detect what you fail to devote much more effort.

Read, listen and write in English, that will help your fluency and learn to detect words more easily.

Watch videos, listen to music or better yet news in English and do not forget to look for those words that you do not understand.

Another good option is to use applications to learn English.

Through them, you will be able to get in touch with the language free of charge by working your 4 basic skills.

You can also do it in an easy and fun way regardless of where you are.

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When the time comes for the exam do not forget to stay calm.

The way to control your nerves is by doing breathing exercises; inhale and exhale deeply and listen carefully to the teacher’s instructions so that you follow the correct guidelines to complete the exam.

Trust is also very important; what you know and understand that is, do not try to search or add more than necessary, be clear and concise always.

Avoid looking or observing your classmates’ exam; Remember that it is your abilities that will be evaluated.

TOEFL Test: Everything You Need to Know About The Test

Online course of preparation for the TOEFL exam

On the internet, you will find different professors or online institutions that will allow you to prepare a much more specific TOEFL exam.

They are attributed to be expert teachers or have already done the test with a great result.

Through the Udemy platform, Greg Britt, who is one of those teachers in English whose preparation is based on the three types of the TOEFL test.

The intention of your course is to teach the common mistakes that we have in terms of grammar and writing, taking into account that it is one of the aspects that the TOEFL test evaluates with greater zeal.

TOEFL Test: Everything You Need to Know About The Test

Grammar as an essential aspect of the oral and written structure has been studied in order to obtain a correct use of it.

That is why Britt, gives us an exhaustive and very explanatory class on those common mistakes that usually make the non-native speaker at the time of making such a test.

It is divided into five chapters and each one focuses on the grammar and linguistic syntax of English.

Being a non-native English speaker, we have a great disadvantage if we have not done an advanced study in English grammar or, which makes it difficult for us to correctly complete the TOEFL questions in the Writing section.

In the realization of this course, you will obtain a material that contains specific and detailed exercises of the type of sentences, clauses, use of objectives, the substitution of nouns and adverbs.

With the help of Britt, you will be able to obtain the domain you need in terms of writing and grammar, which is important in all exam presentations.

At this point, we want to make a great recommendation in which you take the TOEFL test in its different presentations.

PBT, iBT, and ITP, because each test has its own functions which give you the impulse to climb the most important steps within the English domain.

More than 30 million people who present the TOEFL admission method have demonstrated and proven that it is undoubtedly the most qualified and indicated evaluation to be able to obtain the validity and certification you need to be able to fulfill your objectives and goals abroad.

Good luck!

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