# How To Calculate Your CGPA In Nigerian Universities | Must Read

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How To Calculate Your CGPA In Nigerian Universities: In the NUC standard, our higher institutions use Cumulative Grade Point Averages to measure academic excellence. A student from Nigeria will teach you how to calculate CGPA in Nigerian universities. It is important that all university students, particularly first-year students, study and learn how to calculate their GPA after the publication of the semester results and constitute the cumulative score at the end of each semester. In this way, you can evaluate and improve your academic performance from time to time. ### CGPA Scale in Nigerian Universities

The performance of semester exams and course/ subject/module grades are broken down into alphabetic grades (A, B, C, D, E, F) that represent a series of grades that a student can obtain. A note to these comments will be given below.

 Marks/Score Letter Grade Grade Point (GP) 70% and Above A 5.00 60 – 69 B 4.00 50 – 59 C 3.00 45 – 49 D 2.00 40 – 44 E 1.00 0 – 39 F 0.00

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Every Course/subject/module carries a fixed number of Credit Units (CU). Quality points (QP) are derived from multiplying the Credit Units (CU) for a course by the Grade Point (GP) earned by the student in that course.

Eg. If in a 3 Credit Unit course, a student scores 63% which is a B with a Grade Point of 4, the Quality points for the student in that course is 3 x 4 = 12.

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Grade Point Average (GPA) is derived by dividing the Total Quality point (TQP) for the semester by the Total Credit Unit (TCU) for that semester.

Eg. If in a semester, a student earned 56 quality points for 18 Credit Units, the students GPA is 56/18 = 3.11

Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is derived by adding the Total Quality Points (TQP) for all semesters to date and dividing by the Total Credit Units (TCU) for all semesters to date.

Eg. If a student earns a QP of 56 for 18 CU in the first semester and earns QP of 67 for 20 CU in the second semester, His CGPA is TQP/TCU = (56 + 67) / (18 + 20) = 123/38 =3.24

Below is a detailed example of how to calculate GPA and CGPA

First Year, First Semester

 Course Code Credit Unit (CU) Letter Grade Grade Point (GP) Quality Point (QP) = CU x GP APC 100 3 B 4 12 PDP 101 2 C 3 6 APP 102 1 C 3 3 PPA 103 4 B 4 16 AIT 104 5 A 5 25 NTA 105 2 D 2 4 Total 17 66

QP = 66, CU = 17, TQP = 66, TCU = 17

GPA = QP/CU = 66/17 = 3.88

CGPA = TQP/TCU = 66/17 = 3.88

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First Year, Second Semester

 Course Code Credit Unit (CU) Letter Grade Grade Point (GP) Quality Point (QP) = CU x GP APC 106 5 E 1 5 PDP 107 4 D 2 8 APP 108 5 B 4 20 AIT 109 3 F NTA 110 3 A 5 15 Total 20 48

QP = 48, CU = 20, TQP = 66 + 48 = 114, TCU = 17 + 20 = 37

GPA = QP/CU = 48/20 = 2.40

CGPA = TQP/TCU = 114/37 = 3.08

NB: This Procedure is repeated for following years until your final year in school (graduation).

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